Being a leader of any department or company takes a certain set of skills. Leadership takes on many different faces, but there are certain skills that all leaders should possess. Leadership requires the ability to connect with and lead a group of people towards a shared goal in order to achieve the desired results. While certain skills are necessary for any team manager, leaders can have very distinct styles of management.
An autocratic management style is one where the manager makes decisions unilaterally, and without much regard for subordinates. Typically decisions will reflect the opinions and personality of the manager. This style of management is also known as totalitarianism or dictatorship. While it does create an atmosphere of discipline in the company, it can sometimes cause dissatisfaction for the employees. In this type of management, the employees are not the core of the organization, and instead are seen as replaceable.
Paternalistic management is also very dictatorial, but in this case, the wellbeing of the employees and the business as a whole is taken into consideration. In this way, the manager acts more like a parent rather than a boss. These leaders care about the needs of the employees, but it also slows down the decision-making process. While this style of management can lead to a higher level of loyalty among the employees, if no loyal connection is established between the manager and the employees, there tends to be a lack of worker motivation.
In a democratic style of management, the manager allows the employees to take part in the decision-making process. In this way, everything is agreed upon by the majority, much like the democratic style of government. From the overall business’ point of view, this style of management leads to the improvement of job satisfaction, and participatory contributions from employees will increase. However, this style of management could lead to a slower production pace, as getting too many people involved in the process could complicate things.
The laissez-faire form of management is characterized by being very hands-off and allowing team members to make big decisions. This style of management usually leads to the lowest productivity level among groups because there is little managerial guidance. Laissez-faire management is only successful when the employees are highly experienced and independent. However, in most business situations, it’s important to have a leader who actually leads.
There are many different styles of management, and each of them can serve a purpose depending on the type of business you are in. However, the most effective management style is one where you take the most effective aspects of each style and combine them with your own management style in order to create a positive work environment.